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Jaeger i nazizm

PostNapisane: N paź 12, 2008 12:40 pm
przez Klementyna Glińska
\"Jaeger [...] like many others, collapsed the concepts of Bildung (education) and Kultur (culture) into Greek paideia ? the source and location of true humanism (Jaeger 1960: 108-9, 202). As such, Jaeger?s humanism coincided with more nationalistic appropriations of antiquity. Certainly, Jaeger offered his paideia as a means of generating and sustaining the spiritual Gemeinschaft (community) of Germany (Näf 1992). The unity of classical culture, Jaeger argued, could be used to unify (or face down) the plurality of cultres in Weimar Germany (Jaeger 1960: 126). While Jaeger?s total commitment to paideia, or Bildung, provides a distinct alternative to the Volk (nation) of nationalist and Nazi ideology, nevertheless Paideia I exhibits a vocabulary of race that corresponds with the racial lexicon of Nazism. Problematic, too, was Jaeger?s willing participation in the Gleichschaltung (the bringing into line) of universities that took place following the Nazi seizure of power, when he contributed a short piece, ?Die Erziehung des politischen Menschen und die Antike? (The education of political men and antiquity), to Ernst Krieck?s nationalist and racist pedagogical journal, Volk im Werden (A people in becoming) (Jaeger 1933; cf. White 1992 and Orozco 1995). Although this would seem to have been an exercise in (mere) academic opportunism, an attempt to convince the new powers of the compatibility of his ?Third Humanism? (which would offer the perfect educational mold for forming the political community of National Socialism) with Party aims, it also shows how easily ?Third Humanism?, like so much else in 1930s Germany, could be aligned with Nazism.\" (K. Fleming, Fascism [in:] A Companion to the Classical Tradition, ed. Craig W. Kallendorf,Published by Blackwell Publishing, 2007, p. 350)